Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1985

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology

Abstract

Dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F, an enzyme that synthesizes an (alpha)-(1(--->)6)-linked glucan with (alpha)-(1(--->)3)-linked branches from the glucosyl moiety of sucrose, was stabilized against thermal inactivation and against inactivation caused by dilution and manipulation by the addition of nonionic detergents, mild ionic detergents, poly(ethylene glycol), or high-molecular-weight dextran;Dextransucrase was purified by a sequence of dextranase treatment, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, affinity chromatography on Sephadex G-200, and DEAE-Trisacryl M chromatography. The purified enzyme had a specific activity of 170 U/mg protein and no detectable carbohydrate;The enzyme consisted of two forms of differing molecular weight. A 177-kDa form was biosynthesized initially and converted during aging to a 158-kDa form by an unknown but probably proteolytic mechanism. By using radiation inactivation and SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, it was determined that dextran is not synthesized by the cooperative action of two or more peptides (subunits), but by single dextransucrase peptides of 177 and 158 kDa;The sucrose binding site of B-512F dextransucrase was an inhibitory divalent metal ion site also, with a higher affinity for Zn('2+), Ni('2+), and Co('2+) than for Ca('2+). A second metal ion site with a high affinity for Ca('2+) was found. Ca('2+) was an activator at this site, whereas Zn('2+), Ni('2+), and Co('2+) were inhibitors. Ca('2+) was a nonessential activator; i.e., it was not required for dextran synthesis;The periodic acid-Schiff stain, when used to detect glycansucrase activity on polyacrylamide gels, stained many proteins that were neither glycoproteins nor active glycansucrases. This artifactual staining, which increased during the storage of stained gels, could be prevented by proteolytically removing all protein from the gels before staining, or considerably slowed by the action of crosslinking agents on the stained gels.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-8707

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Arthur West Miller

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8604499

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

393 pages

Included in

Biochemistry Commons

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