Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
E. Ann Thompson
This study investigated the potential of two major effects of incorporating systematic analogical reasoning training within guided Logo programming instruction. The first goal was to investigate the far transfer effects of such instruction on general analogical reasoning development, as measured by a test associated with general analogical reasoning. The second goal was to investigate the near transfer effects of such instruction on a related computer programming skill--the reuse of subprocedures between programming problems;To provide general analogical reasoning training within a guided programming environment, this study incorporated Swan and Black's suggested pedagogical components for the effective transfer of cognitive skills from programming. To meet the direct instruction component, Sternberg's component processes of analogical reasoning were used to provide an instructional framework;The study used a post-test only control group design. Students were randomly placed into one of two treatment groups: (1) guided Logo programming instruction, or (2) more traditional exploratory Logo programming instruction. Both groups received the same instructional content, with only the instructional treatment delivering that content varied between treatment groups;Far and near transfer results were considered tentative due to the exploratory nature of the study. Far transfer results indicated significant interaction between a student's year in college and the experimental treatment, with guided programming instruction facilitating the performance of college freshmen, and hindering the performance of college juniors. Near transfer results indicated that the guided instruction did not significantly increase student reuse of subprocedures between programming problems. Auxiliary study results indicated that the constructed programming test may not have effectively elicited the instructed analogical reasoning strategy.
Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/
Nealy Frank Grandgenett
Grandgenett, Nealy Frank, "An investigation of the potential of guided Logo programming instruction for use in the development and transfer of analogical reasoning " (1989). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 9188.