Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Family and Consumer Sciences Education and Studies

First Advisor

Jerelyn B. Schultz


The major purposes of this study were to describe families operating bed and breakfast operations in New York State, explore family coping behaviors used by bed and breakfast operators, and examine factors affecting life satisfaction. Results were analyzed from responses of 174 bed and breakfast operators to a questionnaire that elicited data on coping behaviors, demographics, time management, and life satisfaction. Mean scores of coping behaviors indicated that bed and breakfast operators appear to employ most frequently coping behaviors in the maintaining perspective/reducing tension coping pattern. These behaviors reflect a strong positive belief system for the lifestyle. The results of stepwise multiple regression identified as significant predictors of the use of family coping behaviors the hours the spouse contributes to household tasks, the age of the bed and breakfast operator, the hours the bed and breakfast operator contributes to the business, and the presence of children at home full-time;Sixty percent of the respondents were between the ages of 40 and 59, 53% had educational attainments beyond high school, and 20% had children at home full-time. Net income generated was less than 5,000 in 70.1% of the businesses. Sixty-eight percent of the bed and breakfast families had one or two family members employed full-time outside of the home and 42.5% were operating additional home-based businesses;Female bed and breakfast operators reported spending an average of 28 hours per week in the operation of household tasks and spouses spent 10 hours per week when the bed and breakfast was in operation. When the business was not in operation, females reported spending an average of 20 hours per week in household tasks and the amount of time contributed by spouses remained the same;Bed and breakfast operators appear to be most satisfied with their families and marriages and least satisfied with time for family, time away from the bed and breakfast, time for leisure, and time for self. Stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that the number of hours a bed and breakfast operator spends in the business is a negative predictor of life satisfaction and that the age of the bed and breakfast operator is a positive predictor of life satisfaction.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Margaret Dansbury Howe



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

122 pages