Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Sociology and Anthropology

First Advisor

Motoko Yasuda Lee


This is an exploratory study on the implementation of the Malaysian Nursery Schemes undertaken by the Development Bank of Malaysia (BPMB). Analyses were made at the individual, organizational and institutional levels to compare successful and unsuccessful participants and to identify factors facilitating or impeding participant success at both schemes; scheme 1 in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan and scheme 2 in Jengka, Pahang. Focus, however, was on the scheme 1 in Kelantan. This was due to the unavailability of information in the second scheme, although some comparisons and analyses were made, where ever possible. Although this study involved a very small sample size, this weakness was overcome by providing an in-depth analysis covering aspects of business development, social-psychological and social structural factors in accounting for participant success. Recommendations for appropriate intervention were made in conjunction with findings in each chapter;The study differs from the conventional approach in that no attempt was made for hypotheses testing. It was mainly descriptive, highlighting major concerns such as social structural impediments, institutional linkages and Malay value orientations so as to better understand why the Malays' involvement in enterprise development has been sluggish. The importance of attitudes, value orientations, personality and the process of internalization was duly highlighted since these are factors, which ultimately, will influence behavior of individuals, and consequently, economic development. For behavior to change, the whole gamut of the social context has to be changed, to ensure the prevalence of an appropriate business environment conducive to the development of small-scale enterprises, in general and NFS participants in particular.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Nuriyah Noriah Moon



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

208 pages

Included in

Sociology Commons