Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1987

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Family Environment

First Advisor

Mary Winter

Abstract

The objective of this research is to examine the relationship between self-assessment of control over life, life satisfaction, and planning activity among elderly Iowans. Planning activity is defined as having plans for a time when the current dwelling would not be suitable or when the individual needed care in case of a long-term illness. Three models are developed. They differ in one of the independent variables. Current control over life is used in one, present control deficit, and future control deficit in the other two. The other independent variables are life satisfaction, age, a set household size-marital status dummy variables, level of physical assistance needed, self-assessed health, income, and sex of the respondent. The dependent variable is the presence or absence of plans. The sample has 273 individuals aged 60 and over;Logistic regressions are used for the analysis. The results indicate that fewer than one-fifth of the respondents have any plans for health problems. The significant predictors of the presence of plans are age, household income, level of physical assistance needed, and life satisfaction. Those individuals who have plans are the ones who are older, have higher incomes, need less physical assistance, and report lower levels of life satisfaction. An interaction is developed based on the control-over-life variables. Results indicate that the presence of plans is associated with having complete control now but anticipating a loss. The three control-over-life variables were used to develop a typology of the respondents. Those individuals reporting complete control over their lives now but who anticipate the loss of control have the highest percentage of planners.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-9102

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Maria de Lourdes Rubio

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8805136

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

75 pages

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