Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Daniel Robinson


The research examined social distance as it applied to students of on-campus apartments at a midwestern university. The research was conducted at the University Student Apartment Community at Iowa State University, a community of over 3800 residents. A stratified random sample of 600 foreign and American students were mailed a survey assessing attitudes regarding the environmental climate, facilities and services, student government and staffing, student patterns, student characteristics, and social distance. The completion rate was 62%. One-way ANOVA comparisons were made of mean ratings of 37 ethnic, racial, religious, and other object groups and five respondent characteristics. The respondent characteristics used included sex, size of home community, present living area, ethnicity, and religion;General Social Distance Scores were calculated by summing the scores of each respondent for all 37 object groups. One-way ANOVA comparisons were made of the General Social Distance ratings by the five respondent characteristics previously used. All comparisons except sex were significant at the.05 level or less;Analyses of covariance were performed using multiple regression with sets of dummy variables. Final analyses included regression equations for two dependent variables: satisfaction with the community and satisfaction with opportunity for interaction with residents from other cultures. Independent variables for the analyses included sex, the four sets of dummy variables, and General Social Distance. General Social Distance had a negative relationship with both community satisfaction variables. The relationship demonstrated that greater social distance can result in less social distance.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Donald F. Whalen



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

124 pages