Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1990

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Norman A. Scott

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate several aspects of socialization and career choice for men in nontraditional occupations, those in which the majority of workers have been female. Men in nursing and clerical occupations were compared with men in traditionally male occupations (police, engineering and drafting work), as well as with female nurses and clerical workers. Comparisons were made on dimensions and measures of family background and occupational progression rated in terms of job prestige and sextyping. Twelve hypotheses, developed on the basis of circumscription and compromise theory, were proposed to predict outcomes in this study, and were tested primarily by correlational methods;A three phase study was undertaken to test the hypotheses. Phase 1 included 258 males who responded to the Background Questionnaire (BQ) in order to establish the statistical properties of the instrument. In Phase 2, 233 student subjects rated either sextype or prestige for each of 130 occupations. In Phase 3, 143 Veterans administration employees were used to test the hypotheses using information gained from the prior two phases;Of the 12 hypotheses of the study, only one hypothesis test resulted in statistically significant findings. This correlation, however, was not in the direction predicted by the hypothesis.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-9179

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Ronni Michele Matteson

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI9101367

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

134 pages

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