Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Anton J. Netusil


The present research had two purposes. First the study was designed to assess the perceived actual and ideal functions of school board members and also to examine the differences of district school board perceptions, both over time and geographically. The second purpose of the study was to determine the underlying component factors of the perceptions of Iowa school board members and based on these factors develop and test a causal model of these relationships as related to the effectiveness of the school districts;A random sample of 197 school districts totaling 1119 school board members from 16 states provided one source of data. Regional educational specialists in Iowa provided a second measure, that of district effectiveness. Board member data were averaged across the district providing a district unit of analysis;Analysis of the data for the study included: (1) an item by item comparison of district means for school board member data in the areas of actual, idealized, and felt need perceptions; (2) univariate and multivariate comparisons of means by location and time; (3) factor analysis of school board member perceptions of current operational status; (4) reliability assessments and correlations of factor scales; (5) path analysis of the theoretical causal model of Boards for Effective Schools (BES);School board members generally perceived, both in Iowa and outside of Iowa and across time that they treated curriculum and educational opportunities for children equitably. Also most important to them was maintaining public trust by carrying on board work with integrity. The greatest area of felt need was in the area of setting objectives and evaluating to those objectives;Eight subscales were identified by factor analysis for the current sample of data. The results of factor analysis were used for the development of a theoretical path model. The proposed model provided eight significant paths, but the Chi Square test of Goodness of Fit indicated that the theoretical model was not an adequate description of the data. A revised model was presented. Results were discussed in terms of assisting school board members and administrators to consider the need for reevaluation of the roles of school board members.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Beth Ellen Ruiz



Proquest ID


File Format


File Size

155 pages