Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2002

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Educational Leadership and Policy Studies

First Advisor

Daniel C. Robinson

Second Advisor

Warren D. Franke

Abstract

It remains uncertain whether law enforcement officers (LEOs) have an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and, if so, the extent to which stress affects this relationship. To redress this observation, the self-reported incidence of CVD and CVD risk factors among 2,818 currently employed male LEOs was compared to 9,650 male respondents. Perceived stress among the LEOs also was determined. The percentage for CVD incidence was lower in the LEO group than among the general population [2.3 (SD = .15) vs. 5.6 (SD = .23); p = .001]. The best predictor variables for CVD in the combined group were: physical inactivity (p = .011), hypertension (p = .001), and hypercholesterolemia ( p = .001). In the LEO group, the best predictor variables for CVD were: perceived stress (p = .032), time in the profession (p = .001), and hypertension (p = .001). The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (33.2 percent), weight (82.6 percent; BMI > 25.0), and tobacco use (10.1 percent) in the LEO group exceeded those found in the general population. Stress was significantly associated with CVD (p = .008). Three CVD risk factors were significantly affected by stress: cholesterol (p = .001), hypertension (p = .001), and physical activity (p = .001). Perceived stress was affected by duration of time in the profession ( p = .004) after adjusting forage (p = .353). These results suggest that stress may contribute to CVD among LEOs through potentiating several CVD risk factors.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-12144

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu

Copyright Owner

Sandra L. Ramey

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI3055237

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

103 pages

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