Degree Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

1988

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Physics and Astronomy

First Advisor

Robert N. Shelton

Second Advisor

Kai-Ming Ho

Abstract

DC resistivity, dc magnetization, and specific heat of eight Sc[subscript]5Co[subscript]4Ge[subscript]10-type crystal structure compounds R[subscript]5T[subscript]4Ge[subscript]10 for R = Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and T = Rh and Ir are presented. The resistivity, single crystal magnetization, and specific heat results show that in all those compounds, the magnetic moments order antiferromagnetically in the c direction at low temperature. However, in the Er and Tm compounds, the magnetizations along x-y hard directions do not show any anomalies above 2.0 K. This suggests that the ordered Er and Tm ions, which have positive quadrupole coefficients [alpha][subscript] j, interact with a crystal field that has an electronic potential valley along the c axis. The fitting of the hard axis magnetizations to Curie-Weiss law suggests that the resulting antiferromagnetic-like [theta] reflects the strength of the crystal field torque on the magnetic moments rather than the strength of antiferromagnetic exchange.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-11680

Publisher

Digital Repository @ Iowa State University, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/

Copyright Owner

Chanson Parengkuan

Language

en

Proquest ID

AAI8825433

File Format

application/pdf

File Size

143 pages

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