Degree Type


Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Daniel C. Robinson


This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action policy and sex equity. To achieve the major objectives, the perceptions of nonadministrative employees were assessed and evaluated as they relate to the State of Iowa mandated affirmative action objectives;A total of 176 faculty and professional student service staff responded to mailed surveys (a response rate of 73.3%). Of this total, 90 (51.1 percent) surveys were received from male respondents and 86 (48.9 percent) surveys were received from female respondents. The purpose of the surveys were to assess current affirmative action activities within community colleges and to assess perceived policies their institutions may have incorporated and/or actions they believe are presently being carried out that affect sex equity. To achieve the stated objectives of this study, mandated State of Iowa affirmative action guidelines within merged area community colleges were measured by faculty and professional student service staff through their perceptions of their college's policies/actions. Survey respondents were subgrouped according to gender, professional position, and urban or rural setting of their respective college. In addition, years of professional experience in the community college setting and years of formal education were controlled factors;Differences in perception of affirmative action among the subgroups were determined through ANOVA with covariance. Statistically significant F value differences were observed at the.05 level;Statistically significant differences of perception were determined for the variable of demographic setting. The variables of gender and professional position did not produce statistical significance. The findings also reported that the factors of years of community college experience and years of formal education did not affect perceptions in relation to the stated variables;From the findings there was agreement of perception that the surveyed community colleges were following state-mandated affirmative action procedures. However, the documented perceptions indicated inconsistencies in awareness and knowledge among community colleges' personnel.



Digital Repository @ Iowa State University,

Copyright Owner

Carl Roy Heilman



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177 pages