Campus Units

Sociology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date

2020

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Interpersonal Violence

DOI

10.1177/0886260520966669

Abstract

Rape myths are attitudes that implicitly and explicitly blame victims for their own sexual victimization. Greater adherence to rape myths is linked to several negative outcomes, including the neutralization of gender-based violence and the perpetration of sexual violence. Few studies have considered how previous life experiences and individual-level traits influence the development and greater adherence to rape myths. The current study examines how traits associated with the three-factor model of psychopathy (i.e., egocentric, callous, and antisocial dimensions) and adherence to traditional gender roles mediate the relationship between prior childhood/adolescent victimization and the acceptance of rape myths in a sample of college men and women (N = 789). Path modeling indicates that experiences of psychological victimization (before age 16) increased egocentric psychopathic traits, which then increased the acceptance of rape myths in men. In women, however, sexual victimization (before age 16) increased the acceptance of traditional gender roles, which then influenced the acceptance of rape myths. Additionally, the egocentric facet of psychopathy exerted indirect effects on the acceptance of rape myths through traditional views on gender roles in both men and women. These findings highlight the need to continue to examine egocentric personality traits in relation to the development of rape myths in adolescent and young adult populations. Directions for collegiate programming are discussed.

Comments

This is a manuscript of an article published as Cooke, Eric M., Richard H. Lewis, Brittany E. Hayes, Leana A. Bouffard, Danielle L. Boisvert, Jessica Wells, Nicholas Kavish, Matthias Woeckener, and Todd A. Armstrong. "Examining the relationship between victimization, psychopathy, and the acceptance of rape myths." Journal of interpersonal violence (2020). doi: 10.1177/0886260520966669. Posted with permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Copyright Owner

The Authors

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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