Campus Units

Statistics

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2017

Journal or Book Title

Endangered Species Research

Volume

33

First Page

83

Last Page

93

DOI

10.3354/esr00794

Abstract

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill and associated response activities overlapped with habitats for multiple life stages of federally protected sea turtles in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Although most assessment efforts focused on documenting the presence, abundance, and exposure of sea turtles to DWH oil in marine habitats, oil also washed ashore on sand beaches used by nesting turtles, specifically in NW Florida and Alabama, USA. In addition, extensive and highly mechanized beach cleanup efforts were conducted in NW Florida as well as Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Thus, the DWH oil spill negatively affected sea turtle nesting directly (e.g. adverse effects of oil exposure) and indirectly (e.g. beach cleanup activities deterring nesting) in several ways. In this study, we used a before-after, control-impact statistical modeling approach to examine long-term (1997-2012) historical records of loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) nest densities in 2 segments of the Florida Gulf coastline, one that was heavily affected by the oil spill (NW Florida) and one that was relatively unaffected (SW Florida). Loggerhead nest densities on NW Florida beaches in 2010 were reduced by 43.7% (95% confidence interval: 10-65%) relative to expected nesting rates in the absence of DWH oil and cleanup efforts. When we applied this reduction to all nesting habitat in NW Florida, this equated to a loss of approximately 251 unrealized nests from the 2010 nesting season—a loss we attribute to direct (e.g. mortality) and indirect (e.g. deterrence of nesting) effects related to the DWH incident.

Comments

This article is published as Lauritsen, Ann Marie, Philip M. Dixon, Dave Cacela, Beth Brost, Robert Hardy, Sandra L. MacPherson, Anne Meylan, Bryan P. Wallace, and Blair Witherington. "Impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta nest densities in northwest Florida." Endangered Species Research 33 (2017): 83-93. doi: 10.3354/esr00794.

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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