Journal or Book Title
Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
Methods for simulation from multivariate Gaussian distributions restricted to be from outside an arbitrary ellipsoidal region are often needed in applications. A standard rejection algorithm that draws a sample from a multivariate Gaussian distribution and accepts it if it is outside the ellipsoid is often employed: however, this is computationally inefficient if the probability of that ellipsoid under the multivariate normal distribution is substantial. We provide a two-stage rejection sampling scheme for drawing samples from such a truncated distribution. Experiments show that the added complexity of the two-stage approach results in the standard algorithm being more efficient for small ellipsoids (i.e. with small rejection probability). However, as the size of the ellipsoid increases, the efficiency of the two-stage approach relative to the standard algorithm increases indefinitely. The relative efficiency also increases as the number of dimensions increases, as the centers of the ellipsoid and the multivariate Gaussian distribution come closer, and as the shape of the ellipsoid becomes more spherical. We provide results of simulation experiments conducted to quantify the relative efficiency over a range of parameter settings.
American Statistical Association, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and Interface Foundation of North America
Ellis, Nick and Maitra, Ranjan, "Multivariate Gaussian Simulation Outside Arbitrary Ellipsoids" (2007). Statistics Publications. 84.