Using information from the human genome two new candidate genes for growth and composition traits were studied. The porcine high mobility group isoforms protein [HMGI(Y) and HMGIC] genes were chosen based on their presumed role in fat cell growth and differentiation. The HMGI(Y) gene was assigned to pig chromosome 7 by both linkage and physical mapping methods. This assignment agrees with other comparative mapping studies as the human HMGI(Y) gene maps to human chromosome 6p21, which is known to share a homology with pig chromosome 7. Interestingly, the pig HMGIC gene was assigned to the pig chromosome 1 by both methods. The localization of these candidate genes in the pig genome could improve the power of analyses for quantitative traits associated with growth and meat quality traits.
Iowa State University
Kim, K.-S.; Nguyen, N. T.; Zhang, Y.; and Rothschild, Max F., "Mapping of Two High Mobility Group Protein Genes for Growth and Composition traits in Pig" (2002). Swine Research Report, 2001. 6.