The goal of this study was to determine the distribution of Listeria monocytogenes in cull sows and their pork. Two trials were conducted at a single packing plant in 2001 (n=179 cull sows) and in 2002 (n= 160 cull sows). Fecal samples collected antemortem (trial 1) as well as animal tissues, carcass, and environmental swabs, and meat block samples collected at the abattoir (trials 1 and 2) were analyzed. When results from both trials were combined, overall L. monocytogenes was detected in five or 0.17% of the total samples (n=2,858). Specifically, L. monocytogenes was confirmed in a tonsil sample (0.55% of tonsils positive) and in a carcass swab sample (0.56% of carcasses) before the organic acid rinse. L. monocytogenes was recovered in three (1.21%) meat block samples (n=213). These data indicate that L. monocytogenes is present in the cull sow and their pork.
Iowa State University
Wesley, I. V.; Larsen, S. T.; Hurd, H. S.; McKean, James; Frana, T.; Cox, M.; Johnson, M. G.; Nannapaneni, R.; Pinkerton-Hogness, A.; and Rivera, F., "The Prevalence of L. monocytogenes in Cull Sows" (2003). Swine Research Report, 2002. 20.