The addition of niacin, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, and B-12 fortified at 500 % over the Iowa State University (ISU) Life Cycle Nutrition recommended levels did not significantly improve production parameters in grow-finish (G-F) pigs. Therefore, a commercial vitamin premix formulated to supply niacin, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, and B-12 in a grow-finish diet at the ISU Life Cycle Nutrition recommended levels would be sufficient for maximizing pig performance.
Iowa State University
McMullen, Larry K. and Karsten, Arlin, "High Fortification of B Vitamins for Increased Grow-Finish Performance of Pigs" (2003). Swine Research Report, 2002. 8.