Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
Journal or Book Title
Objective: To evaluate compounded famciclovir suspensions for accuracy, precision, and consistency in drug content.
Procedures: Two compounded famciclovir concentrations were evaluated (250 and 400 mg/mL, 30 preparations total from nine 503A compounding pharmacies) with U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved famciclovir tablets as control. Drug quantification via high-performance liquid chromatography (with famciclovir reference standard and pramipexole internal standard) was performed at 0, 14, and 28 days with concentrations of 90%–110% of labeled dose considered acceptable (US Pharmacopoeia standards).
Results: FDA-approved tablets from three different manufacturers were found to be accurate and precise with acceptable drug content. A significantly greater mean deviation from labeled content was noted for 400 mg/mL suspensions (–52.9%) compared to 250 mg/mL suspensions (–18.0%). When assessing time points separately, 15/63 (24%) samples of 250 mg/mL and 0/27 (0%) samples of 400 mg/mL suspensions met the acceptance standards. Coefficients of variation (CV) in drug content among pharmacy batches ranged from 0.5% to 29%, with 5/10 formulations having significantly lower CV% compared to control (decreased precision). Similarly, drug content changed over time (0–28 days) in all compounded formulations, with both downward and upward trends observed (variable consistency).
Conclusions: Most compounded famciclovir formulations were inaccurate, imprecise, and inconsistent. FDA-approved famciclovir tablets may be preferred over compounded famciclovir formulations for the management of feline herpesvirus-1. If compounded famciclovir is used in practice, a concentration of 250 mg/mL is preferred over 400 mg/mL given the lower accuracy of the higher concentration.
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American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists
O'Leary, Louise M.; Allbaugh, Rachel A.; Schrunk, Dwayne; Olson, Thomas E.; and Sebbag, Lionel, "Variable accuracy, precision, and consistency of compounded famciclovir formulated for management of feline herpesvirus-1 in cats" (2021). Veterinary Clinical Sciences Publications. 53.