Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Statistics
Journal or Book Title
Background: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance across populations is a global threat to public health. Surveillance programs often monitor human and animal populations to evaluate trends of emergence in these populations. Many national level antibiotic resistance surveillance programs quantify the proportion of resistant bacteria as a means of monitoring emergence and control measures. The reason for monitoring these different populations are many, including interest in similar changes in resistance which might provide insight into emergence and control options.
Methods: In this research, we developed a method to quantify the correlation in antimicrobial resistance across populations, for the conventionally unnoticed mean shift of the susceptible bacteria. With the proposed Bayesian latent class mixture model with censoring and multivariate normal hierarchy, we address several challenges associated with analyzing the minimum inhibitory concentration data.
Results: Application of this approach to the surveillance data from National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System led to a detection of positive correlation in the central tendency of azithromycin resistance of the susceptible populations from Salmonella serotype Typhimurium across food animal and human populations.
Conclusions: Our proposed approach has been shown to be accurate and superior to the naïve frequentist estimation by simulation studies. Further implementation of this Bayesian model could serve as a useful tool to indicate the co-existence of antimicrobial resistance, and potentially a need of clinical intervention.
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Zhang, Min; Wang, Chong; and O'Connor, Annette, "A Bayesian Latent Class Mixture Model With Censoring for Correlation Analysis in Antimicrobial Resistance Across Populations" (2020). Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications. 199.