Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Statistics
Journal or Book Title
Preventive Veterinary Medicine
In this study, the detection of PRV DNA in nasal swab (n = 440) and oral fluid (n = 1,545) samples collected over time from experimentally PRV vaccinated and/or PRV inoculated pigs (n = 40) was comparatively evaluated by real-time PCR. Serum samples (n = 440) were tested by PRV gB/gE blocking ELISAs (Pseudorabies Virus gB Antibody Test Kit and Pseudorabies Virus gpI Antibody Test Kit, IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Westbrook, ME) to monitor PRV status over time. Following exposure to a gE-deleted modified live vaccine (Ingelvac® Aujeszky MLV, Boehringer Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT) and/or a wild-type virus (3 CR Ossabaw), PRV gB DNA was detected in oral fluid specimens in a pattern similar to that of nasal swabs. For quantitative analyses, PRV PCR quantification cycle (Cq) results were re-expressed as “efficiency standardized Cqs (ECqs)” as a function of PCR efficiency using plate-specific positive amplification controls. ROC analyses of the PRV gB PCR ECqs results showed a similar performance of the PRV gB PCR for nasal swab and oral fluid specimens (area under the ROC curve = 85 % vs 83 %) and, based on an ECq cutoff of 0.01 a diagnostic specificity of 100 % and diagnostic sensitivities for oral fluid and nasal swab specimens of 53 % (95 % CI: 43 %, 62 %) and 70 % (95 % CI: 55 %, 83 %), respectively. Thus, the results described herein demonstrated the detection of PRV gB DNA in swine oral fluid and supported the use of this specimen in PRV diagnosis and surveillance.
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Cheng, Ting-Yu; Henao-Diaz, Alexandra; Poonsuk, Korakrit; Buckley, Alexandra; van Geelen, Albert; Lager, Kelly; Harmon, Karen M.; Gauger, Phillip; Wang, Chong; Ambagala, Aruna; Zimmerman, Jeffrey J.; and Giménez-Lirola, Luis, "Pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease) virus DNA detection in swine nasal swab and oral fluid specimens using a gB-based real-time quantitative PCR" (2021). Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications. 202.