Campus Units

Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2015

Journal or Book Title

Avian Diseases

Volume

59

Issue

2

First Page

185

Last Page

200

DOI

10.1637/11072-032315-Review

Abstract

Avian hosts constitute a natural reservoir for thermophilic Campylobacterspecies, primarily Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, and poultry flocks are frequently colonized in the intestinal tract with high numbers of the organisms. Prevalence rates in poultry, especially in slaughter-age broiler flocks, could reach as high as 100% on some farms. Despite the extensive colonization,Campylobacter is essentially a commensal in birds, although limited evidence has implicated the organism as a poultry pathogen. Although Campylobacter is insignificant for poultry health, it is a leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis in humans worldwide, and contaminated poultry meat is recognized as the main source for human exposure. Therefore, considerable research efforts have been devoted to the development of interventions to diminish Campylobactercontamination in poultry, with the intention to reduce the burden of food-borne illnesses. During the past decade, significant advance has been made in understanding Campylobacter in poultry. This review summarizes the current knowledge with an emphasis on ecology, antibiotic resistance, and potential pre- and postharvest interventions.

Comments

This article is from Avian Diseases 59 (2015): 185–200, doi:10.1637/11072-032315-Review. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Association of Avian Pathologists

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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