Campus Units

Veterinary Pathology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

7-1998

Journal or Book Title

Archives of Virology

Volume

143

Issue

7

First Page

1405

Last Page

1415

DOI

10.1007/s007050050384

Abstract

A novel virus of pigs, swine hepatitis E virus (swine HEV), was recently identified and shown to be antigenically and genetically related to human HEV. In the present study, we attempted to infect specific-pathogen-free (SPF) pigs experimentally with swine HEV or with human strains of HEV. Serum samples collected from naturally infected pigs were used as the source of swine HEV. Pigs inoculated intravenously with serum samples containing swine HEV seroconverted to anti-HEV 4 to 8 weeks postinoculation, and the virus spread to an uninoculated pig. Swine HEV was detected in nasal and rectal swab materials as early as 2 weeks postinoculation and for 4 to 8 weeks thereafter. Viremia appeared 4 to 6 weeks postinoculation and lasted 1 to 3 weeks. The inoculated pigs appeared clinically normal and serum liver enzymes were not significantly elevated. In contrast, pigs were not infected when inoculated intravenously with about 105 monkey infectious doses of one of two human strains of HEV (Sar-55 or Mex-14).

Comments

This article is published as Meng, X-J., P. G. Halbur, J. S. Haynes, T. S. Tsareva, J. D. Bruna, R. L. Royer, R. H. Purcell, and S. U. Emerson. "Experimental infection of pigs with the newly identified swine hepatitis E virus (swine HEV), but not with human strains of HEV." Archives of virology 143, no. 7 (1998): 1405-1415. doi: 10.1007/s007050050384. Posted with permission.

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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